Composite week sampling designs have now been utilized in past content analysis studies to get representative examples of tv development (Kunkel et al., 1999, 2001, 2003; Madden & Grube, 1994; Wallack, Grube, Madden, & Breed, 1990; Wilson et al., 1997). This look through this site sampling strategy involves randomly picking times of the week or certain time slots for recording over many weeks to cut back possible bias that may be introduced if all taping had been done in just a solitary calendar week. Recording of this test occurred mainly more than a period that is 7-week the autumn every year. Because season premiere episodes are staggered through the entire thirty days of September, we began taping when all nonsyndicated show had been showing episodes through the season that is current. Each week, three various times of the week had been arbitrarily chosen for taping from all 11 channels, along with 7 days for the week represented 3 x within the sample. The 8-hour time block for taping extended from 3:00 p.m. (from which time many youth are away from college) to 11:00 p.m. (through prime- time). The entire process of recapturing missed episodes (like those which is why the satellite sign ended up being lost or perhaps the show was pre-empted by displaying or other unique events) proceeded through the entire winter time.
Not absolutely all product that has been taped had been coded.
As our focus ended up being on scripted development, we excluded day-to-day news broadcasts, game shows, sports programs and occasions, and paid development, along with all types of commercials as well as other promotions ( ag e.g., teasers for system programs). Although music videos were taped, they certainly were coded and analyzed separately because of their unique traits and tend to be maybe maybe perhaps not reported right right here. The analyses introduced in this paper, but, do are the video that is nonmusic from cable music activity channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth programs. In addition, implies that had been incomplete simply because they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. are not coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the test.
The sample that is final the 2001-2002 period contains 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the last test for the 2002-2003 period included 1,439 unique program episodes. The test for the 2nd content analysis ended up being significantly bigger than the very first 12 months’s test that we had three episodes of each nonsyndicated series as we made a concerted effort in year 2 to ensure. Despite strict adherence to your sampling plan, extra taping had been needed whenever, for instance, brand brand brand new shows joined the autumn lineup following the start of year to replace for cancelled programs or as soon as the time and time slot for a set had been changed.
The codebook for the bigger research ended up being based considerably from the factors manufactured by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) within their content analyses conducted for the Kaiser Family Foundation. We created extra products, including those on same-sex intimate behavior and sexual talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals. Contrary to Kunkel and peers, whom utilized the scene once the unit that is primary of, our content analyses involved coding for sexual content in 2-minute periods of system time. Because scenes differ quite a bit in total and, therefore, try not to offer a consistent product of measure to make evaluations across programs, we used a coding that is standard centered on time. Coding news development in designated time periods has been utilized often by other scientists conducting analyses that are content different system genres including films, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers-Flanagan, Sommers-Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).
For purposes with this content analysis, intercourse had been thought as any depiction of sex, intimately suggestive behavior, or any speak about sex or activity that is sexual. To be conservative and prevent overcoding content that is sexual communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications pertaining to love and relationships, that have been maybe perhaps maybe not coded. As an example, a declaration such as вЂњi enjoy my boyfriendвЂќ wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as вЂњI made like to my boyfriendвЂќ will be coded.